Coin-sword – Wikipedia

Coin-swords ( alternatively spelt as coin swords ), or cash-swords, are a type of Chinese numismatic charms that are a imprint of feng shui amulet that were primarily used in southern China to ward off evil spirits and malicious influences, specially those inducing fever. These coin-swords are besides frequently used in Taoist rituals. Coin-swords are considered an “ evil-warding sword ” ( chinese : 避邪劍 ; pinyin : bì xié jiàn ) in China. [ 2 ] Coin-swords normally consist of Qing dynasty era cash coins, specifically from the Kangxi and Qianlong eras, but may besides be made from older cash coins .

Names [edit ]

In Mandarin Chinese, coin-swords are known by diverse names such as bixiejian ( 辟邪劍 / 辟邪剑, “ evil-averting sword ”, of which they are a sub-type ), qianjian ( 錢劍 / 钱剑, “ coin-sword ” ), guqianjian ( 古錢劍 / 古钱剑, “ ancient coin-sword ” ), and tongqianjian ( 銅錢劍 / 铜钱剑, “ copper coin-sword ” ). [ 3 ]

composition of coin-swords [edit ]

chinese coin-swords generally consist of either one or two iron rods as a foundation with real or replica taiwanese cash coins fastened together with a bowed stringed instrument, a cord, or a wire which are normally coloured crimson. [ 4 ] [ 5 ] While the thread is normally red, it may sometimes besides be yellow or gold as these are considered to be the color of royalty. [ 2 ]

Coin-swords by and large consist of :

  • 18 Chinese cash coins located on the surface of the coin-blade that is 3 cash coins thick.[2]
  • 5 Chinese cash coins on each side of the hilt that is usually 3 coins thick.[2]
  • 6 Chinese cash coins from the hilt to the butt of the handle that is usually 3 cash coins thick.[2]
  • 1 Chinese cash coin on each side of the handle butt that is usually 3 cash coins thick.[2]

A typical taiwanese coin-sword is about 0.6 meter, or about 2 feet in the imperial system of units, hanker and consists of around one hundred copper-alloy chinese cash coins. [ 5 ] In superstition it is normally considered better for all the chinese cash coins strung together in the coin-sword to have been produced during the predominate of merely a single taiwanese emperor butterfly, [ 5 ] and may not be assorted with cash coins from other dynasties. [ 2 ] Ancient Chinese cash coins are besides broadly preferred over more modern ones. [ 4 ] Coin-swords are constructed out of three unlike kinds of things, each of which is regarded as a hindrance of evil spirits in feng shui. [ 4 ]

Uses in feng shui [edit ]

A popular way sword symbolism in integrated in Chinese numismatic talismans is by stringing actual or replica of cash coins into a sword-shape. [ 5 ] In feng shui, these coin-swords are frequently hang to frighten away demons and evil spirits. [ 5 ] Coin-swords are frequently hung above the bed, on residential walls, on the movement and the outside of the bridal bed-curtain, or above the windows of a build. [ 5 ] [ 4 ] It is believed that malefic spirits would not dare molest the residents of the firm where the coin-sword hangs because the sword resembles that wielded by the Taoist deity Zhong Kui, who in Chinese mythology is celebrated for being a killer of evil demons. [ 5 ] Most chinese coin-swords consist of Qianlong Tongbao ( 乾隆通寳 ) cash coins. [ 4 ] The alleged powers of coin-swords do not come from the associate wealth symbolism that normally comes with cash coins. [ 2 ] But with the invention mannequin of the cash coins used to make the sword, american samoa well as the dynastic origins of the cash coins that carry the Emperor ‘s predominate era claim. [ 2 ] As such, in feng shui the suppose might of the coin-swords will depend heavily on which Chinese emperor butterfly ‘s inscription is written down on the cash coins. [ 2 ] About the fourth dimension of a woman ‘s restriction after her marriage, a coin-sword is sometimes taken to be hang inside of the bridal bed-curtain, normally in a position that is latitude to the horizon. [ 4 ] Coin-swords made from Qing dynasty cash coins with the inscription Kangxi Tongbao ( 康熙通寶 ) are considered to be the most effective, this is because the reign of the Kangxi Emperor of the Qing dynasty lasted an integral 60 year bicycle of the Chinese calendar and therefore according to feng shui cash coins with this dedication defend “ longevity “. [ 5 ] These cash coins are furthermore preferable because the list “ Kangxi ” means “ good health ” and “ prosperity ”. [ 4 ]

Sword symbolism in Chinese numismatic charms [edit ]

Groningen. A modern coin-sword made from replica of Qing dynasty cash coins in Winschoten dependable Chinese numismatic charms and amulets did not begin to appear in China until sometime during the Han dynasty and the sword, or frequently a pair of swords, as objects invested with power became frequently seen symbols in Chinese numismatic charms from this meter on. [ 5 ] Swords are a coarse root on chinese numismatic charms, and coins were frequently assembled into ensiform talismans. Most chinese numismatic charms that feature swords much show a single sword. [ 5 ] According to taiwanese legends, the first base swords in China appeared under the reign of the legendary Yellow Emperor. During the give and Autumn Period, the notion developed that swords could be used against malefic spirits and demons. [ 5 ] Under the Liu Song dynasty swords became a common musical instrument in religious rituals, most peculiarly in Taoist rituals ; according to the Daoist Rituals of the Mystery Cavern and Numinous Treasure ( 洞玄靈寶道學科儀 ) it was necessity for students of taoism to be able to forge swords which had the capability to dispel demonic entities. [ 5 ] Many Taoist sects formed during this time period believed that swords could defeat demons and besides contained medical properties. Under the Sui and Tang dynasties ritualistic swords constructed of peach forest started to appear. Around this meter, chinese amulets with sword themes began to be produced ; much these amulets resembled chinese cash coins but had crossed swords decorated with ribbons or fillets on them, as the ancient Chinese believed that these items enhanced the powers of the detail they were tied to. [ 5 ] chinese swords were normally engraved with imagination representing the Big Dipper, which was believed to have outright charming ability, and this besides became coarse for charms that featured swords. [ 5 ] The prototype of two swords on chinese amulets stems from a legend where Taoist leader Zhang Daoling saw Laozi appear to him on a mountain in contemporary Sichuan and gave him two swords. alternatively, two swords can besides represent two dragons from a legend where a man named Lei Huan ( 雷煥 ) received two swords and gave one to his son Lei Hua ( 雷華 ), who lost it in a river ; a servant tasked with retrieving it witnessed two coiled and entwined chinese dragons. [ 6 ] [ 5 ] chinese talismans of swordsmen normally depict one of the Taoist immortals Zhong Kui or Lu Dongbin. [ 7 ] Swordsmen besides appear on zodiac charms, Bagua charms, elephant chess pieces, lock charms, and other Chinese numismatic charms. Another person who appears on chinese amulets is Zhenwu, who is regarded as the perfect warrior. [ 8 ] [ 9 ] [ 5 ] taoist priests use coin-swords because of this symbolism for rituals for ridding evil, a red fabric is then wrapped on the hilt of the sword. [ 2 ] Taoist priests can besides sometimes use a spill the beans wood sword as an alternative to coin-swords. [ 2 ]

Coin-swords in western museums [edit ]

Coin-swords can be found in the collections of respective museums across the westerly world such as the british Museum in London ( UK ), the Durham University Archaeology Laboratory Collection ( UK ), the National Museum of American History ( USA ), the National Museum of Scotland ( UK ), Horniman Museum and Gardens ( UK ), the Science Museum in London ( UK ), among a big count of early museums. [ 3 ]

References [edit ]

Sources [edit ]

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