Buying $10 Indian Gold Eagle Coins
indian Head $ 10 amber coins, or gold eagles, were produced by US Mint each class from 1907 to 1916, and then intermittently until 1933. Replacing the Liberty ( or Cornet ) gold eagles that had been produced since 1838, Indian gold eagles were the last $ 10 gold coins minted for circulation. today, they are avidly sought by investors and collectors for their beautiful design, excellent mint, and large gold content .
New Gold Coin Designs
In 1904, President Theodore Roosevelt commissioned the celebrated sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens to create newfangled, more aesthetic designs for U.S. aureate coins. Saint-Gaudens ‘ work was well known to the President. He had designed the Sherman Monument in New York ‘s Central Park, a stirring combination of statues featuring Nike, the Greek goddess of victory, crowned with laurels, striding alongside the Civil War General, who is mounted on horseback. Saint-Gaudens besides designed Roosevelt ‘s Inaugural Medal, which featured a raid of the new President on the obverse and a standing eagle on the inverse. The eagle visualize was derived from an ancient egyptian coin that Saint-Gaudens admired .
The Gold Indian is Born
For his newfangled $ 10 gold eagle coin Saint-Gaudens draw on both of these earlier creations. The coin ‘s obverse, featuring a profile of Liberty, was modeled on his statue of Nike. On the inverse, the depicting of a defiant Bald Eagle standing upon a package of olive branches was drawn from the egyptian eagle design used for Roosevelt ‘s decoration.
The most noteworthy expression of the new $ 10 gold eagle coin, however, was pure Roosevelt. The President insisted that Nike ‘s laurel crown be replaced by an indian war bonnet emblazoned with LIBERTY. He wished to broaden the symbolism of american democracy to include and honor american Indians. With this meaningful revision, the new $ 10 indian Head aureate eagle was born. Without Teddy ‘s broadminded intervention, the beloved $ 10 Gold Indian would have been just one more $ 10 Liberty design.
$10 Indian Gold Eagles, “Wire Rim”
The beginning 500 $ 10 Indian gold eagles struck in 1907 were the alleged “ telegram rim ” coins. To create dramatic stand-in, the fields of the coin ‘s surface in the original blueprint rose aggressively to the edge, omitting the flattened brim distinctive of early U.S. gold coins. While beautiful, wire rims proved impractical because coins would n’t stack properly and the boundary could be easily broken. Charles Barber, the foreman engraver, promptly designed a flat rim and changed the dies .
$10 Indian Gold Eagles, “No Motto”
The following 500,000 or so gold eagles struck, in 1907 and into 1908, were the alleged “ No Motto ” kind of $ 10 Indians, omitting the words IN GOD WE TRUST. Saint-Gaudens wanted to keep inscription to a minimal because he considered it an artistic trespass. The pious Roosevelt preferred to exclude this motto because he felt it blasphemous to use the list of the deity on money, which could be applied to base ends .
$10 Indian Gold Eagles, “With Motto”
Bowing to religious populace opinion, in March 1908, Congress passed a beak requiring the motto IN GOD WE TRUST to appear on the new amber eagle and aureate double eagle coins. Roosevelt reluctantly signed it into law. Placed in the field before the standing eagle ‘s breast on the revoke, this motto appeared on most of the aureate eagles struck in 1908 and all issues thereafter .